Author: admin nov2018

Oil and Gas Offshore Drilling

The demand for oil and gas has been increasing worldwide for the past few years, and offshore drilling has played a significant role in prospering the industry. Offshore drilling involves boring for natural oil or petroleum on sea floors.

 

How It’s Done

 

The entire operation of finding natural gas or oil costs millions on drilling rigs and other equipment as well as on the workforce, including engineers, geologists, and other drilling specialists. This is a great risk for oil companies because not all exploration yield positive results.

 

Offshore drilling needs geologists to study the surface area. They also check the site, the satellite maps, and analyze soil samples. Geologists will use different equipment to locate oil traps. They use magnetic survey equipment to map out any magnetic variances, which points out signs of oil traps. Geologists also use shock waves for seismic surveying or sparking. Geologists will analyze the sound that is bounced back from rocks that were touched by the shock waves sent to the ocean floor.

 

The petroleum company will request for drilling rights from the local government where they have identified the oil trap. Exploratory drilling can only be commenced after a drilling right is granted to the company.

 

Oil drilling expeditions can be very expensive, so the company would drill a few wells within the site. This is for them to determine if an oil trap actually exists or not. This will also help them identify the quantity and quality of the oil. They will determine whether it is sufficient for a full-blown offshore production platform operation.

 

Drilling for Oil

 

If the quality and quantity pleases the company, they will then construct an oil platform in the area to start the harvest. Natural oil supplied, in general, can last for twenty years. Thus, the purpose and construction of the oil platform is intended and designed for long-term use. These are enormous structures anchored on the ocean floor through the use of tethering cables. Some platforms have concrete or metal foundations to ensure the stability of the platform especially during severe weather conditions.

 

Metal pipes or casings will be placed and are usually cemented on the drilled hole to prevent any gas leakage incidents. Drilling rigs make the entire process of accessing and extracting oil much viable. The harvested petroleum undergoes oil refinement. The purpose of oil refinement process is to separate oil, gas, water, and sediments.

 

For dry natural gases, you need to store and send them through pipelines for treatment. Wet natural gases, on the other hand, have different liquid particles, which is why they need to undergo filtration. When all the oil beneath the sea floor is extracted and the well dries up, the company will remove the platform and shall close the oilrig.

 

The Difference between Testosterone Replacement Therapy and Taking Steroids

There’s no getting around the fact that everyone ages and so does the body. For men, as they get closer to the middle age, testosterone production in the body naturally starts to slow down. Around the age of 50 or so, most men will experience andropause, which is also known as men menopause. It is the result of declining levels of testosterone and other types of androgen in the body. Most men with going through andropause turn to either steroids or hormone replacement therapy for men (HRT) to alleviate the symptoms.

Steroid Intake

Steroids are very common in the fitness or bodybuilding world. However, more and more “regular guys” are taking steroids in an effort to fight the symptoms of andropause. Legal steroids may have a place in muscle building and serve useful for medically valid purposes, but steroids are frequently abused. Part of this comes from the fact that steroids are widely available in gyms, health clubs, online pharmacies, friends and more.

Steroids, when taken without proper medical supervision, can cause a variety of health problems. More so, it should not be taken by anyone for the attempt to minimize the symptoms of andropause. One may not even be sure if the symptoms are caused by andropause, to be begin with. It is not a good idea to assume the conditions as caused by andropause, let alone self-administering these prescription drugs. Consult your doctor first regarding your condition, so you can get a proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

 

Testosterone Replacement Therapy

In contrast to taking steroids, HRT treatment for men or testosterone replacement therapy is a medically supervised treatment, which is specifically aims to support the body’s natural testosterone production. Administered correctly, HRT or TRT can bring about the benefits of restoring testosterone level in the body without the significant side effects or health hazards associated with steroid regimens.

The treatment starts with testosterone tests and medical examination to determine testosterone levels and identify any potential health risks. The test is an of utmost importance in order to be sure that testosterone deficiency is indeed the root of the andropause symptoms and not by other diseases like diabetes or hypertension. The symptoms can also be the result of taking certain medications. This important step will also serve as the guide for doctors to determine the degree of treatment one needs.

 

Conclusion

While most men think they are totally fine taking steroids, and that they know what they’re doing with their own bodies, the risks associated with steroids without medical supervisions far outweigh the potential benefits. Moreover, the potential for abuse is great. If you think you may be suffering from andropause or testosterone deficiency, do not self-medicate. Do yourself a favor, and consult a specialist on men’s health. Be open to a hormone replacement therapy for men as a treatment that will be administered by your doctor, and not some steroids from your friends at the gym. Check out https://lowtclinic.com.au/ for more info.

Your Guide in Choosing a Fencing Contractor in Melbourne

The main purpose for fences is obvious, which is to provide the security and privacy that every homeowner needs. Aside from this, fences can also make any home or property look more decent and appealing. So, if you considering a fence installation for your property, then hiring the right contractor for the job is imperative.

The following tips can help your search quick and easy.

Seek Referrals

Don’t hesitate in asking your friends, relatives or even neighbors if they know of a good contractor that is known for fencing in Melbourne. Word of mouth can be very powerful especially when it’s coming from people you know and trust.

 

Do your own Research

Besides taking the recommendations of your friends or family, take time to research for it on your own and do a background check. Search online and check the contractor’s website. Compare as many fence contractors in your area as you can. Check out the services and rates they offer. Once you have picked your top three, you can contact these companies and learn more about the services that they offer. This will help you decide which contractor will be able to fulfill your needs in the best way possible.

 

Look for High Quality Materials and Services

You want to choose a company that makes use of high quality materials. Hiring a company that provides excellent service and uses high quality materials can give you the fencing for your property that is long lasting. Choose high quality materials and services will save you from any troubles.

 

Consider the Experience and the Reputation

It is also important to consider the years of experience that the contractor have in the industry. Longevity and good reputation are key qualities of a contractor that will fulfil your fencing needs. You want to deal with an expert in the industry. Working with a reputable contractor can assure you that they are professional and can build rapport to you in facilitating the fencing project.

 

Keep in Mind the Timeline

Another important consideration is also the timeline that your preferred contractor will take in completing the project. You don’t want to rush it, but you also don’t want to have a lot of delays. The project must be completed in good time without compromising quality. Be realistic with the timeline and discuss it with your chosen contractor to make sure that results can be achieved.

We can help you!

If you are looking for a contractor who could deliver high quality services with high equally high quality materials when it comes to fence installation, then look no further. We can do the job for you! We are an expert in handling different fencing requirements without losing focus on what’s the priority. If you choose us, you definitely made the right choice!

Scary Mysteries Twisted Twos: Sophia Toscan du Plantier & Susan Smith

Tales of hauntings, murder and scary mysteries, Every week Twisted Two’s dives into a pair of uniquely terrifying true stories that are worthy of a more in depth look.

For this week we focus on a gruesome and mysterious death and a morbid story from a woman named Susan Smith. Get ready for scary mysteries Twisted Two’s.

#1 Sophia Toscan du Plantier

Sophia Toscan du Plantier was a French Film producer born in Paris France in 1957. After marrying a fellow French film mogul, Daniel Toscan du Plantier, they bought a home in the town of Drinane in Schull, Ireland. This isolated house would serve as a retreat for the couple whenever they wanted to escape the hustle and bustle of Paris.

On December 20, 1996, Sophia arrived at the Cork Airport in Ireland and drove to her home in Schull. For the weekend, she visited friends and dropped by some of her favorite haunts. Afterwards, she decided to return to Paris on Christmas eve, phoning her husband the night before her departure at 11:00 PM, saying she would see him the next day. However, the next day at 10:00 AM, Sophia’s bludgeoned body would be found by her neighbor, Shirley Foster, in the laneway leading to her home.

She was still wearing her nightgown, leggings and brown lace up boots. Her body was heavily bludgeoned, hit more than a dozen times with a blunt instrument and her skull had been smashed with a concrete block or large stone.

Despite a heavy investigation, for years, no one was arrested or brought under suspicion for the murder. Police believe that she was running away from her attacker when she was caught in the laneway and brutally killed. It’s possible she was surprised by her killer inside her home the night before and tried to run away by heading out of the house.

Press coverage of the incident came fast and one journalist named Ian Bailey Was praised for being insightful in his articles. He had lived in the same area as Sophia at the time and knew the townsfolk and layout of the land because of this.

An anonymous witness called police telling them he saw a mysterious man at Kealfadda Bridge close to 3:00 A.M. on the night Sophia was murdered. The following year, on February 4th, 1997, a hihgschooler reported giving Ian Bailey a ride home where Bailey confessed to him that he had killed Sophia. According to the witness, Bailey said he “went up there with a rock and bashed her fucking brains out.”

Ian was already on the authorities radar and After hearing of this, police arrested, him for the murder. He was taken to the Bandon Garda Station but was later released without any charge. His partner, Jules Thomas, was also taken in to the station but she too was released without any charges. A year after, Bailey, was again arrested with regards to the murder but again released without any charge and Forensics haven’t been able to link him conclusively to the murder.

For years, the investigation was a series of back and forths. The eyewitness who saw a man the night of Sophia’s murder, initially identified Bailey as the man, but later, she recanted and said she was forced by officers to say it was him.

In 2017, Bailey was arrested again and an extradition warrant was issued for him to face trial in France. However, he filed a motion against it and won. In 2018, the French court said there was enough evidence to proceed with a trial with Bailey “while abscent.” The case today continues to remain open.

#2 Susan Smith

On October 25, 1994, Susan Smith contacted police and told them she had been carjacked by a black man while stopped at an intersection. She pleaded with police for help because her two sons, 3-year old, Michael and 14-month old, Alex, were still inside the car when the man had driven away with the vehicle.

For the next nine days, Susan went on various national television programs, pleading and asking for her boys’ safe return. A huge investigation followed along with a nationwide search. But police always had their suspicions from the start.

On November 3, 1994, Susan finally cracked under interrogation and admitted that she allowed her vehicle to roll into the nearby John D. Long river with her two boys strapped inside. Later reports were revealed that police suspected Susan of murdering her sons but they were hoping the boys were still alive. The police also searched the same lake for signs of the car but they only searched within 30 feet of the lake, believing the car would only reach that far from the bank but they were mistaken and it had actually rolled 120 feet from the shore.

The case against her was broke open when Smith described the area where the carjacking occurred. She had told police the light turned red even though the intersection was empty hence, she stopped her car. But police discovered the traffic lights were rigged in the area so that if there was no other vehicle there, it wouldn’t have turned red at all for Susan’s car.

When questioned about the reason for killing her sons, she claimed she was “not in her right mind” and she did not plan the killing. However, at least one report stated she killed her sons because she wanted to date a wealthy man who wasn’t interested in dating a woman with children.

The man in question is Tom Findlay, the son of the CEO of Conso Products, where Susan worked. Susan and Tom had been casually dating but unknown to Tom, Susan had continued a sexual relationship with her ex-husband, David, and her stepfather, former Republican Party and Christian Coalition leader, Beverly Russell. Tom also caught Susan kissing a married man and had written a letter to her breaking off their relationship just days before she murdered her children.

She tried saving the relationship with Tom and came clean with her sexual relationship with her stepfather. But when that didn’t work, she told Tom she allegedly slept with his father, J. Carey Findlay, stating the details might come out during her divorce proceedings with her husband. Instead of winning him back, Tom’s reaction was of shock and he emphasized they would never get back together again.

On the day of October 25th, Susan kept obsessing about her breakup with Tom. She was upset and asked to leave work early. That same day, she went to see Tom and told him she made up the story about her sleeping with his father. Tom wasn’t interested in hearing it and asked her to leave the office. Susan later phoned a friend who was having dinner with Tom to ask if he had said anything about her. The friend said no.

By 8:00 PM, she strapped both her sons inside her car then drove around for a while and thought of heading to her mother’s house but decided against it. Instead, she drove to the lake, got out of the car, put the car in drive and released the brakes while her two sons were sleeping inside. She watched the vehicle go into the lake before it submerged completely.

Susan then started her elaborate story of the carjacking. She was eventually arrested and during her trial it took only 2.5 hours for the jury to come back with a guilty verdict. To the shock of her ex-husband, David, she was only sentenced to 30 years in prison and is eligible for parole once she turns 53 years old. David has sworn to attend every parole hearing to ensure she doesn’t get paroled after what she did to their sons.

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So there were a two of the most vicious and scary stories around. The world can be a crazy place and Twisted Two’s is sure to show you why.

If you enjoyed this video then please remember to subscribe to our channel. We have new scary mysteries videos coming every single week that we know you’ll enjoy. Thanks again for watching and I’ll see you next week.

LINKS AND SOURCES:

Sophia Toscan du Plantier

https://truecrime1.blogspot.com/2010/11/sophie-toscan-de-plantier-daniel-toscan.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Death_of_Sophie_Toscan_du_Plantier

https://www.irishtimes.com/news/crime-and-law/the-story-of-the-sophie-toscan-du-plantier-murder-investigation-a-chronology-1.2158891

https://www.irishtimes.com/news/crime-and-law/sophie-toscan-du-plantier-20-years-later-a-murder-remains-unsolved-1.3165654

Susan Smith

https://nypost.com/2017/09

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Susan_Smith

https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/susan-smith-mother-who-killed-kids-something-went-very-wrong-n397051

https://www.biography.com/people/susan-smith-235800

https://www.thoughtco.com/susan-smith-profile-of-child-killer-972686

Mum killed her sons because they stood in the way of her new relationship